United Kingdom

From A Wiki on National Parliament Buildings Worldwide

National Data

United Kingdom Flag United Kingdom Flag
Country United Kingdom
Country code GB
City London
Form of government Unitary Parliamentary Monarchy
Size in km² 241930
Population 64715810
Year of construction 1870


Type British
Volume 350000
Architect Charles Barry (GB), Augustus Pugin (GB)


The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Commonly known as the Houses of Parliament after its tenants, the Palace lies on the Middlesex bank of the River Thames in the City of Westminster, in central London. Its name, which derives from the neighbouring Westminster Abbey, may refer to either of two structures: the Old Palace, a medieval building complex that was destroyed by fire in 1834, and its replacement New Palace that stands today. For ceremonial purposes, the palace retains its original style and status as a royal residence.

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GB Parliament


Alongside the "Capitol" in Washington, the Houses of Parliament – properly known as the "Palace of Westminster" – in the United Kingdom are the foremost inspiration for building parliaments in modern-day Europe – and beyond. The neo-Gothic building was designed by Charles Barry and Augustus Pugin after its predecessor was largely destroyed by fire.

Facts & Figures

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Members of parliament 650 GPD per capita in PPP in US$ 39.762
Number of women 191 HDI 0,907
Pop. per MP 99.563 Democracy index 8,31
CO2 total 415.421 CO2 per capita 6,50


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Site Plan

Parliament overview


Collection Jörg Hempel: