From A Wiki on National Parliament Buildings Worldwide
|Form of government||Unitary Parliamentary Republic|
|Size in km²||294140|
|Year of construction||1694|
|Architect||Gian Lorenzo Bernini (IT)/ Carlo Fontana (IT)/ Ernesto Basile (IT)|
The Palazzo Montecitorio is a palace in Rome and the seat of the Italian Chamber of Deputies.
The building was originally designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini for the young Cardinal Ludovico Ludovisi, nephew of Pope Gregory XV. However, with the death of Gregory XV by 1623, work stopped, and was not restarted until the papacy of Pope Innocent XII (Antonio Pignatelli), when it was completed by the architect Carlo Fontana, who modified Bernini's plan with the addition of a bell gable above the main entrance. The building was designated for public and social functions only due to Innocent XII's firm antinepotism policies which were in contrast to his predecessors.
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Palazzo Montecitorio has been the seat of the Chamber of Deputies of the Italian parliament since 1871. Before the capital of the Kingdom of Italy was relocated to Rome, the Chamber of Deputies met in buildings that were equally fascinating in terms of power politics: Palazzo Vecchio in Florence (i.a. the palace of Cosimo I de Medici) and Palazzo Carignano in Turin (i.a. the birthplace of Vittorio Emanuele II).
Facts & Figures
|Members of parliament||630||GPD per capita in PPP in US$||34.706|
|Number of women||195||HDI||0,873|
|Pop. per MP||94.917||Democracy index||7,98|
|CO2 total||337.648||CO2 per capita||5,50|