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National Data

Italy Flag Italy Flag
Country Italy
Country code IT
City Rome
Form of government Unitary Parliamentary Republic
Size in km² 294140
Population 59797685
Year of construction 1694


Type Horseshoe
Volume 205400
Architect Gian Lorenzo Bernini (IT)/ Carlo Fontana (IT)/ Ernesto Basile (IT)


The Palazzo Montecitorio is a palace in Rome and the seat of the Italian Chamber of Deputies. The building was originally designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini for the young Cardinal Ludovico Ludovisi, nephew of Pope Gregory XV. However, with the death of Gregory XV by 1623, work stopped, and was not restarted until the papacy of Pope Innocent XII (Antonio Pignatelli), when it was completed by the architect Carlo Fontana, who modified Bernini's plan with the addition of a bell gable above the main entrance. The building was designated for public and social functions only due to Innocent XII's firm antinepotism policies which were in contrast to his predecessors.

320px-Palazzo_Montecitorio%2C_Rome.jpg [Wikipedia Page]


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IT Parliament


Palazzo Montecitorio has been the seat of the Chamber of Deputies of the Italian parliament since 1871. Before the capital of the Kingdom of Italy was relocated to Rome, the Chamber of Deputies met in buildings that were equally fascinating in terms of power politics: Palazzo Vecchio in Florence (i.a. the palace of Cosimo I de Medici) and Palazzo Carignano in Turin (i.a. the birthplace of Vittorio Emanuele II).

Facts & Figures

IT I16.png

Members of parliament 630 GPD per capita in PPP in US$ 34.706
Number of women 195 HDI 0,873
Pop. per MP 94.917 Democracy index 7,98
CO2 total 337.648 CO2 per capita 5,50


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Collection Jörg Hempel:

Collection TU Wien: