From A Wiki on National Parliament Buildings Worldwide
|Form of government||Unitary Parliamentary Monarchy|
|Size in km²||364500|
|Year of construction||1936|
|Architect||Watanabe Fukuzo (JP), Takeuchi Shinshichi (JP)|
The National Diet Building (国会議事堂 Kokkai-gijidō?) is the place where both houses of the Diet of Japan meet. It is located at 1-chome, Nagatachō, Chiyoda, Tokyo. Sessions of the House of Representatives take place in the left wing and sessions of the House of Councillors in the right wing. The Diet Building was completed in 1936 and is constructed purely out of Japanese building materials, with the exception of the stained glass, door locks, and pneumatic tube system.
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Berlin architects Wilhelm Böckmann and Hermann Ende, who had been invited to Tokyo as town planners in 1886, were the first to draft a design for the Japanese parliament. However, a temporary building was erected in 1890 instead of their monumental design. In 1918, Watanabe Fukuzo won the competition to design a new building. The tower and portico were built in a more contemporary style, inspired by another competition entry by Takeuchi Shinshichi.
Facts & Figures
|Members of parliament||475||GPD per capita in PPP in US$||36.426|
|Number of women||45||HDI||0,891|
|Pop. per MP||266.470||Democracy index||7,96|
|CO2 total||1.278.922||CO2 per capita||10,10|